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Weekly Schedule

Week-to-week schedule and papers covered are tentative, and may change by the start of the quarter

Introduction and taxonomy of distribution shifts

Apr 3
  1. Overview of the course
  2. Distribution shifts in the real world
  3. A taxonomy of distribution shifts and how they arise
Apr 5
Covariate and label shifts
Lecture + Discussion
  1. What is a covariate shift?
  2. Handling covariate shift under distribuitonal overlap.
  3. Shortcut Learning in Deep Neural Networks
Apr 10
Covariate and label shifts 2
  1. Improving Predictive Inference Under Covariate Shift by Weighting the Log-Likelihood
  2. Adjusting the Outputs of a Classifier to New a Priori Probabilities: A Simple Procedure

Domain adaptation theory

Apr 12
Domain adaptation
  1. When can we provably learn under distribution shift?
  2. Defining generalization bounds under distribution shift.
  3. Adversarial approaches to neural domain adaptation.
Apr 17
Domain adaptation 2
  1. A Theory of Learning from Different Domains
  2. Domain Adversarial Training of Neural Networks

Neural and representation-based methods

Apr 19
Neural domain adaptation
  1. Provable guarantees from representational indistinguishability
  2. Self-training based domain adaptation
  3. Self-supervision based domain adaptation
Apr 24
Neural domain adaptation 2
  1. Test-Time Training with Self-Supervision for Generalization under Distribution Shifts
  2. Don’t Stop Pretraining: Adapt Language Models to Domains and Tasks
Apr 26
Empirical phenomena in robust machine learning
  1. How do different robustness interventions fare in practice?
  2. Can (data augmentation / unlabeled data / bigger models) help?
May 1
Empirical phenomena in robust machine learning 2 + Project (Progress report due)
  1. Is a caption worth a thousand images? a controlled study for representation learning
  2. Accuracy on the Line: On the Strong Correlation Between Out-of-Distribution and In-Distribution Generalization

Robustness and domain generalization

May 3
Connections to causality
  1. Distribution shifts as arising from causal interventions.
  2. Existing connections between causality and robustness.
  3. Robustness and invariance as tools for causal inference.
May 8
Connections to causality 2
  1. Conditional Variance Penalties and Domain Shift Robustness
  2. Invariant Risk Minimization
May 10
Minimax methods
  1. Robustness as a minimax game between nature and the model.
  2. Tractable families of worst-case distributions and duality.
  3. Pitfalls and pessimism from worst-case bounds.
May 15
Minimax methods 2
  1. Distributionally Robust Neural Networks for Group Shifts: On the Importance of Regularization for Worst-Case Generalization
  2. Certifiying Some Distributional Robustness with Principled Adversarial Training

Adversarial robustness

May 17
Adversarial examples
  1. Defining and motivating adversarial examples.
  2. Heuristic defenses and their pitfalls
  3. Provable defenses.
May 22
Adversarial examples 2
  1. Unlabeled Data Improves Adversarial Robustness
  2. Certified Adversarial Robustness via Randomized Smoothing
May 24
Data poisoning
  1. What is data poisoning?
  2. Robust statistics and high-dimensional mean estimation
  3. Convex optimization under data poisoning
May 29
Memorial day
May 31
Data Poisoning 2
  1. Poisoning Web-Scale Training Datasets is Practical
  2. SEVER: A Robust Meta-Algorithm for Stochastic Optimization
June 5
NO CLASS - Report due
June 7
Short project presentations